Ganesan, K. A., N. Sundaresan, and H. Deo, “Mining tag clouds and emoticons behind community feedback“, WWW ’08: Proceeding of the 17th international conference on World Wide Web, Beijing, China, ACM, pp. 1181–1182, 2008.
In this paper we describe our mining system which automatically mines tags from feedback text in an eCommerce scenario. It renders these tags in a visually appealing manner. Further, emoticons are attached to mined tags to add sentiment to the visual aspect.
We present a novel graph-based summarization framework (Opinosis) that generates concise abstractive summaries of highly redundant opinions. Evaluation results on summarizing user reviews show that Opinosis summaries have better agreement with human summaries compared to the baseline extractive method. The summaries are readable, reasonably well-formed and are informative enough to convey the major opinions.
The Opinosis Summarization framework focuses on generating very short abstractive summaries from large amounts of text. These summaries can resemble micropinions or “micro-reviews” that you see on sites like twitter and four squares. The idea of the algorithm is to use a word graph data structure referred to as the Opinosis-Graph to represent the text to be summarized. Then, the resulting graph is repeatedly explored to find meaningful paths which in turn becomes candidate summary phrases. The Opinosis summarizer is considered a “shallow” abstractive summarizer as it uses the original text itself to generate summaries (this makes it shallow) but it can generate phrases that were previously not seen in the original text because of the way paths are explored (and this makes it abstractive rather than purely extractive). The summarization framework was evaluated on an opinion (user review) dataset. The approach itself is actually very general in that, it can be applied to any corpus containing high amounts of redundancies, for example, Twitter comments or user comments on blog/news articles.
Here is another example of an Opinosis summary for a Car (Acura 2007) generated using the OpinRank Edmunds data set. :
While most research projects in data mining and NLP focus on technical complexity, the focus of Opinosis was its practicality, in that it uses very shallow representation of text, relying mostly on redundancy to help generate summaries. This is not too much to ask given that we live in an era of big data, and we have ample user reviews on the Web to work with. Even though the Opinosis paper uses part-of-speech tags in its graph representation, you don’t have to use this at all and the algorithm will still work fine as long as you have sufficient volume of reviews and you make a few tweaks in finding sentence breaks.
Discovering Related Clinical Concepts – This paper focuses on using a concept graph similar to the Opinosis-Graph to mine clinical concepts that are highly related. For example, the drug advair is highly related to concepts like inhaler, puff, diskus, singulair, tiotropium, albuterol, combivent, spiriva. Such concepts are easily discovered using the Concept-Graph in this paper.
Multi-sentence compression: Finding shortest paths in word graphs –
Katja’s work was used to summarize news (google news) for both English and Spanish while Opinosis was evaluated on user reviews from various sources (English only). She studies the informativeness and grammaticality of sentences and in a similar way we evaluate these aspects by studying how close the Opinosis summaries are compared to the human composed summaries in terms of information overlap and readability (using a human assessor