Relationships in WordNet
- For nouns: Antonym, Hypernym, Instance Hypernym, Hyponym, Instance Hyponym, Member holonym, Substance holonym, Part holonym, Member meronym, Substance meronym, Part meronym, Attribute, Derivationally related form , Domain of synset (topic, region, usage), and Member of this domain (topic, region, usage).
- For verbs: Antonym, Hypernym, Hyponym, Entailment, Cause, Also see, Verb Group, Derivationally related form, and Domain of synset (topic, region, usage).
- For adjectives: Antonym, Similar to, Participle of verb, Pertainym (pertains to noun), Attribute, Also see and Domain of synset (topic, region, usage).
- For adverbs: Antonym, Derived from adjective, and Domain of synset (topic, region,usage)
Hyponyms and Hypernyms
Hyponyms: a word or phrase that is a more specific than the given word.
Hypernyms: a word or phrase that is a more general than the given word.
Hyponyms have a direct relationship with hypernyms where hyponym is the specific term and hypernym is the more general term. Let us take the word ‘limb’ as an example. What is more specific than limb?
- arm is a kind of limb
- leg is a kind of limb
hind limb -- (a posterior leg or homologous structure in other animals) forelimb -- (the front limb (or homologous structure in other animals such as a flipper or wing)) flipper -- (the flat broad limb of aquatic animals specialized for swimming) leg -- (a human limb; commonly used to refer to a whole limb but technically only the part of the limb between the knee and ankle) crus -- (the leg from the knee to foot) leg -- (a structure in animals that is similar to a human leg and used for locomotion) thigh -- (the part of the leg between the hip and the knee) arm -- (a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb) cubitus -- (the arm from the elbow to the fingertips) forearm -- (the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist)
Meronyms: something that is part of a larger thing. Let us take arm as an example. What is part of an arm?
- bicep is part of an arm
- wrist is part of an arm
HAS PART: brachial artery, arteria brachialis HAS PART: cephalic vein, vena cephalica HAS PART: forearm HAS PART: hand, manus, mitt, paw HAS PART: ulnar nerve, cubital nerve, nervus ulnaris HAS PART: biceps brachii, musculus biceps brachii, biceps humeri HAS PART: triceps brachii, musculus triceps brachii HAS PART: elbow, elbow joint, human elbow, cubitus, cubital joint, articulatio cubiti HAS PART: wrist, carpus, wrist joint, radiocarpal joint, articulatio radiocarpea HAS PART: arm bone HAS PART: humerus
Holonym: a word that represents the physical whole of a given word. Basically, the opposite of meronyms. Let us take the same arm as an example. What is an arm a part of?
- an arm is part of a body
- an arm is part of a human being
PART OF: body, organic structure, physical structure PART OF: homo, man, human being, human
Here is another example, for the word ‘toe’. What is a toe a part of?
- a toe is part of a human foot